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Emergency Management Assistance Compact Operational

The EMAC Advisory Group, established in 2006, was identified as a need in the after-action report from Hurricane Katrina. Prior to 2004, EMAC response was comprised of state emergency management and National Guard personnel. Following 2004, the potential of EMAC was realized, and EMAC is used today for all response and recovery personnel.

National organizations have a venue through the EMAC Advisory Group to work in coordination with the EMAC Committee membership to continually improve EMAC throughout the nation. EMAC Advisory Group Mission: To facilitate the effective integration of multi-discipline emergency response and recovery assets for nationwide mutual aid through the Emergency Management Assistance Compact.

EMAC Advisory Group Roles and Responsibilities:

  1. Represent the issues, position, resource capabilities, and requirements of the respective disciplines and national organizations
  2. Share information with national memberships, solicit feedback and provide responses to NEMA on EMAC-related issues
  3. Facilitate outreach, education, and training opportunities on EMAC
  4. Share situational awareness information with national memberships, organizations, and agencies during major EMAC activities, as necessary and appropriate
  5. Participate in conference calls, meetings, and after-action reviews on behalf of national membership
  6. Identify and share best practices
  7. Provide guidance for the strategic direction of EMAC
  8. Identify emerging issues that will impact the development of EMAC
  9. Provide a connection between other mechanisms to provide aid and EMAC
  10. Gather and share information
  11. Network in the states to pre-plan for EMAC deployments


NEMA Roles and Responsibilities to the EMAC Advisory Group:

    1. Provide a forum for input
    2. Work to resolve issues to the satisfaction of EMAC users
    3. Assist with training and education for disciplines
    4. Share critical information for disciplines during major activations
    5. Be outcome/product oriented
    6. Remain true to the legislated articles of EMAC
    7. Provide opportunities for input to EMAC protocols, procedures, etc.
    8. Distill the issues that were identified in meetings and circulate them to the members for comments/edits, to be used as briefing points in later meetings
    9. Develop exportable training packages for member organizations to be used as part of their training and awareness
    10. Host educational opportunities
Should you need an Excel workbook template for more than 1,500 personnel, please contact EMAC Technology Analyst, Anita Woods awoods@csg.org.

Why are MRPs Important?

While EMAC law does have a 30 day verbal provision when time is of the essence, states that utilize MRPs take less time to compile cost estimates during the Request and Offer Phase - getting resources deployed more quickly. These states also have a jump start on reimbursement as cost eligibility is understood upfront!

Learn more about MRPs, including what is in an MRP by taking a course in the eLearning Center!

  Pre-Event Prep EMAC Online Course

Frequently Asked Questions About Mission Ready Packages

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  • Are MRPs equivalent to NIMS resource typing? +

    Mission Ready Packages are not equivalent to NIMS resource typing. MRPs are based on—and the next logical step after—NIMS resource typing.

    MRPs include additional components such as pre-scripted mission statement, limitations, required support from other sources, time to readiness, personnel costs, equipment costs, travel costs, and other costs.

  • Can an MRP include a resource that does not meet the NIMS typing threshold? +

    Absolutely. Whether a resource meets the NIMS typing threshold or not, that mutual aid resource is valuable and may be part of a Mission Ready Package for intrastate or interstate use. 

  • Are templates for MRPs available? +

    Yes. NEMA has worked with disciplines to develop "models" that can be used as the basis to start the development of your MRP.  Your MRP will however be unique to your resource.  

    We recommend that you download the models and compare them to your situation.  Then, sign up for a username/password on the EMAC website and visit the "Mutual Aid Support System" link to build your own MRP online.  Once built, you can come back to update it as needed.

    To view the models, select your discipline on the resource pages. 

  • Where may I obtain additional information about EMAC MRPs? +

    There are a lot of resources available to you as you begin to develop your MRP.

    View How to Start Developing Your Own MRP using MASS

  • How do I estimate costs for an MRP? +

    The MPR includes worksheets to estimate costs for travel, personnel, equipment, commodities, and other expenses.

    The only cost you may not be able to determine upfront is travel.  While you could estimate a 14 day mission based at the median per diem rates (if your jurisdiction/state uses per diem) for meals and lodging, you wouldn't be able to estimate airfare or mileage until you know where you would be deployed.  

    The other costs you should be able to calculate.  

    • Start with using actual costs or rate schedules within your agency or state. If your agency or state doesn't have equipment rates, you can develop your own or use FEMA equipment rates.
    • You will need to calculate salaries for personnel. You may not know the actual roster of personnel who will deploy, but, you can include a job title.  

    Remember, you estimate the costs based upon the rates of your normal duties at home.  

    Note that while you are at home you may work 8 hours a day and while deployed, you may work 12 hours per day.  Including overtime rates for personnel and fringe benefits should not be overlooked.

  • How can I estimate travel costs if I have no idea where the next emergency will be located? +

    Clearly if you don't know where you are going, it is hard to determine the costs to get there! 

    You could estimate a 14 day mission based at the median per diem rates (if your jurisdiction/state uses per diem) for meals and lodging.

    You wouldn't be able to estimate airfare or mileage until you know where you would be deployed.  

    Completing the Mission Ready Package with ALL costs except travel will position that resource to being the most prepared prior to a mission.

    Once the location is identified, the MRP can be updated with travel costs within MASS and the state can import those costs into their offer of assistance. 

  • Do MRPs take personnel credentialing into account? +

    A good resource provider will provide qualified personnel who have the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed for their job positions. As part of this, the resource provider will identify in the MRP personnel who possess and can demonstrate the credentials needed to do the job required in the MRP.

  • May an MRP replace a Request for Assistance (REQ-A) form? +

    An MRP may not replace the REQ-A.

    The REQ-A is the document that provides a formal execution of the agreement; i.e., the REQ-A serves as a binding agreement between the two states. The MRP simply facilitates that execution by matching resources with the shortfall of an affected state.

  • Is there a cost for using MASS or building or MRP? +

    No.  You can use MASS and develop your MRP at no cost. 

  • What is the relationship between NIMS Resource Typing and Mission Ready Packages? +

    NIMS Resource Typing is integrated into the Mission Ready Package (MRP), appears on the MRP template, is fully integrated into both the Mutual Aid Support System (MASS 2.0), and the EMAC Operations System (EOS).     

    MRPs are the next step after resource typing. Developing a MRP includes identifying the personnel who would support the mission, limitations to the mission, costs to conduct them mission, etc. are all elements that will be vital for a successful mission and reimbursement.

    The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) developed the Resource Typing Library Tool (RTLT) with the most up to date resource types and job positions/qualifications.  Watch this short video to learn more about the RTLT and why resources should be described using clear and consistent language.  

    Click here to watch the Resource Typing Library Tool video

  • Can I use my own form to develop my MRP? +

    No.  it is vital that you use the templates provided on the EMAC websiste as only they are compatible with the Mutual Aid Support System (MASS) and EMAC Operations System (EOS). 

    If you start with developing your MRP using the Excel worksheet, you can upload your Excel MRP into MASS only if you are using the templates provided by NEMA. Altering the templates in any way will break the compatability between the two.  

    This form can be directly imported into the EMAC Operations System and establishes the basis for the REQ-A which must be completed by the Requesting and Assisting States.  No other form will work with the system and will result in a delay as the data will have to be typed directly into the EMAC Operations System.

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