What duty status do National Guard resources deploy under EMAC through the Assisting States?
National Guard resources deploy under the duty status of State Active Duty or Title 32 when command and control is under the control of the governor of the home state. National Guard resources may not deploy as an EMAC resource under Title 10. See the chart below for details, where represents EMAC-deployable resources and represents resources that are not deployable through EMAC.
Assisting States may deploy National Guard personnel to Requesting States for humanitarian purposes under State Active Duty or under Title 32. According to EMAC’s Article of Agreement XIII, National Guard personnel may not be deployed for military purposes outside their home state.
When it ratified EMAC, the U.S. Congress specifically intended that National Guard forces would be deployed under the Compact.States routinely request and deploy National Guard personnel and equipment through EMAC in both Title 32 and State Active Duty status. Records show that about 70% of assistance requested and received in catastrophic events comes from the National Guard.
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