There are five (5) EMAC Operational components of EMAC: The National Emergency Management Association (NEMA), the National Coordinating State (NCS), EMAC A-Teams, the National EMAC Liaison Team (NELT), and Regional EMAC Liaison Team (RELT).
The EMAC Operational Components work together during an incident to share information and ensure the EMAC procedures are being followed. The functions, roles and responsibilities of the EMAC Operational Components, and operational levels are described in this section.
The NCS, one of the five operational components of EMAC, is comprised of State Emergency Management Agency staff from the state of the EMAC ETF Chair.
The operational responsibilities of each of the components is below:
The National Emergency Management Association (NEMA):
National Coordinating State (NCS):
The Chair of EMAC Executive Task Force (ETF) has a dual role as the lead of the NCS. Thus, the NCS is the home state of the ETF Chair. This very unique component positions an EMAC Member State with national operational responsibility for EMAC and is the primary point of contact for an affected state.
The NCS serves an operations coordination function with the following responsibilities:
Advance Team (A-Team):
Advance Teams (A-Teams) implement the EMAC process on behalf of the Requesting and Assisting States. Teams may operate as an internal EMAC resource coordinating component of the Requesting State, or be deployed from an Assisting State to an affected state to manage the procurement of necessary interstate mutual aid resources. Teams are trained on the EMAC A-Team Standard Operating Guidelines, the EMAC Operations System (EOS), and the use of reports available through the EOS.
National EMAC Liaison Team (NELT):
Coordinating the state response through EMAC with the Federal Emergency Management Agency/Department of Homeland Security (FEMA/DHS) at FEMA headquarters is the responsibility of with the NELT. The NELT is requested by FEMA/DHS and if states are actively requesting/deploying resources through EMAC, a team will be identified by the NCS and deployed to the National Response Coordination Center (NRCC) at DHS/FEMA Headquarters in Washington, D. C.
Regional EMAC Liaison Team (RELT):
In a large scale disaster, there may be the need to also coordinate the state response through EMAC with the Federal Emergency Management Agency/Department of Homeland Security (FEMA/DHS) at the FEMA regional office in which the state resides. This is the responsibility of the Regional EMAC Liaison Team (RELT). The RELT is requested by FEMA/DHS and if states are actively requesting/deploying resources through EMAC, a team will be identified by the NCS and deployed to the requesting Regional Response Coordination Center (RRCC).
There are three levels of EMAC operation:
Level 3: During day-to-day monitoring and operational support of member states, the NCS is at a Level 3 operations status.
Level 2: Once a state requests an EMAC A-Team to be deployed into their state, EMAC is at a Level 2 operations status.
Level 1: The deployment of a NELT or a RELT elevates the EMAC operational level to Level 1, the highest operational level.